Canada contributes $86M more to assist South Sudan famine, civil war crisis

Third is asylum seekers, people who have fled their country and are seeking global protection as refugees. The report attributed that slight reduction in part to people who had returned to their homes, offsetting the number of new people who had fled. Refugee numbers worldwide have reached 22.5 million, which the report notes "is the highest ever seen".

"By any measure this is an unacceptable number, and it speaks louder than ever to the need for solidarity and common goal in preventing and resolving crises", said U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi in a statement.

2016 Annual report, released on Friday, revealed Australians had donated a record $33.9 million in 2016 to support UNHCR's emergency and humanitarian programs worldwide.

Syria's six-year civil war remained the largest single cause of displacement, with 12 million people followed by some 7.7 million Colombians, 4.7 million Afghans, 4.2 million Iraqis and 3.3 million South Sudanese.

- Turkey hosts the largest number of refugees (2.9 million) followed by Pakistan (1.4 mln) and Lebanon (1 mln).

To put the numbers into context, in 2016 one person became displaced every three seconds.

Children, who make up half the world's refugees, continue to bear a disproportionate burden of the suffering, mainly due to their greater vulnerability.

That number marks a jump of just 300,000 from the end of 2015, but is more than six million higher than at the end of 2014, according to a fresh report published by the United Nations refugee agency.

Almost 65 million people are displaced worldwide.


In the 2015 to 2016 fiscal year, Canada's worldwide development assistance to South Sudan totalled over $91 million, Global Affairs said.

Almost all of the biggest refugee hosts are developing countries, the UNHCR report shows.

Grandi on Sunday visited South Sudan's largest camp for internally displaced people in the town of Bentiu.

Programmes aimed at returning refugees to their home countries worked better than in previous years, with 552,200 refugees taking up such offers last year.

In the shadow of the ongoing crises in Syria and Iraq, conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria and South Sudan forced millions of people to flee their homes.

Syria and South Sudan were far from the only countries where people were being uprooted en masse, with Monday's report also pointing to large-scale displacement in Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan, just to name a few.

In 2016 the leading global agency for refugees provided emergency equipment to refugees and other displaced and stateless people including 256,000 tents, 804,000 solar lanterns, 1.2 million mosquito nets, 3.4 million plastic sheets and 6.6 million blankets. World Refugee Day marks the awareness on people to encourage and protect the refugees around the world.

He also recalled the burden that lay on some of the poorest countries in the world - 84% of the displaced live in poor countries and countries with middle income.

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